Value of power-to-gas as a flexibility option in integrated electricity and hydrogen markets

This paper analyzes the economic potential of Power-to-Gas (PtG) as a source of flexibility in electricity markets with both high shares of renewables and high external demand for hydrogen. The contribution of this paper is that it develops and applies a short-term (hourly) partial equilibrium model of integrated electricity and hydrogen markets, including markets for […]

Skive gets Denmark’s first commercial hydrogen pipes in 2023

The scope of milestone 4 in WP2 is “to evaluate potential operation strategies and define an implementation plan and control specification for GLS”. GreenLab (GLS) has been a focus of the Danish Case in WP2 due to the two P2X projects that will be located at GreenLab Skive and the digitalization platform (MECO) being developed […]

A Preliminary Assessment of the Potential of Low Percentage Green Hydrogen Blending in the Italian Natural Gas Network

The growing rate of electricity generation from renewables is leading to new operational and management issues on the power grid because the electricity generated exceeds local requirements and the transportation or storage capacities are inadequate. An interesting option that is under investigation by several years is the opportunity to use the renewable electricity surplus to […]

Analysis of the Existing Barriers for the Market Development of Power to Hydrogen (P2H) in Italy

New technological solutions are required to control the impact of the increasing presence of renewable energy sources connected to the electric grid that are characterized by unpredictable production (i.e., wind and solar energy). Energy storage is becoming essential to stabilize the grid when a mismatch between production and demand occurs. Among the available solutions, Power […]

Sector coupling concepts state of the art and perspectives

EtipSnet is issuing this White Paper on a transversal topic currently high in R&D and Innovation agendas across Europe and beyond. The purpose is to contribute to the debate with sound, unbiased information and future outlooks from experts spanning the wide and articulated knowledge base constituing the EtipSnet platform. As per definition of White Paper, […]

Techno-economic optimization and system integration of power-to-gas at different geographical scale in Europe

Decarbonization targets and global political instabilities push the European Commission to elaborate strategies to ensure more affordable and secure energy. Within these strategies, e.g., RePowerEU, Power to Gas (P2G) is foreseen to become a key play for the successful transition towards a sustainable energy system. A rigorous methodology to investigate P2G plants’ potential and optimize […]

Levelized costs of lowcarbon hydrogen production technologies

The levelized costs of hydrogen production consist of several components, including investment and operational costs, input costs for energy, water, biomass and oxygen as well as costs of carbon. The breakdown of these cost components for the LCOH of the four different technologies in the base case are discussed and the four technologies will be compared. […]

Economic Value of Power-to-Hydrogen Conversion System in Flexibility of Medium-Voltage Distribution Network (MV-DN)

This study analysed the potential role of P2G systems to solve congestion issues. The main conclusions from this research were: Electrolyzers are able to play positive role in reducing congestion in the MV-DV in case of receiving incentives. From system point of view, dynamic electricity prices as incentives have positive influence on improving net operation revenue. Developing of electrolyzer in medium-voltage distribution grid for […]

Spatial-economic analysis of low carbon hydrogen supply to the European market

This study analysed low carbon hydrogen supply alternatives to the European market. The key results were the following: Production of hydrogen using renewable electricity is most competitive in Morocco Production of hydrogen using renewable electricity is not competitive compared to SMR with CCS production For larger distances, transport as ammonia is most competitive for that […]